“Shammet hawa”…Breathe the fresh air

“Shammet hawa”…Breathe the fresh air

© All rights reserved by www.mahmiyat.ps

Palestine envelops remarkable range of religious, cultural, historical and natural heritage wealth. This combined variety of attractions formulates an exceptional package for tourists. Palestine's geographical position has given it a blessing making it highly applicable for the ecotourism industry. Being located at the crossroads between Asia, Africa and Europe made it rich with a variety of plants and animals that have captured the interests of ecologists, taxonomists and researchers. 

The diversity is nurtured also by the most fascinating ecosystsms : Coastal, Semi Coast, Central Highlands, Eastern Slopes and the Jordan Rift Valley. These ecosytems variations are largely due to the extensive differential in heights from the lowest point at the Dead Sea, 400m below sea level, to the mountain tops at close to 1000m. Other contributory factors include the different soil typesand the varying rainfall levels. Consequently, multiple wildlife habitats are created hosting over 2,850 species of wild plants with approximately 800 of these plants are considered rare, and around 140 are endemic.  At least 116 of wild mammalian species are found, 297 Species of fish.

Palestine is one of the best locations in the whole world for bird watching as it is located at the juction of three continents. This made the region a "bottleneck" and a crossroad for automn and spring migrations. Around 440 species are recorded with about 500 million migratory birds fly over its narrow airspace annualy.  These birds could be breeding, wintering or migrating. Natural forests in Palestine represent Mediterranean forests which are considered to be biologically valuable. There are 49 nature reserves in Palestine with an approximate area of 500,400 acres (making 7.7% of the West Bank area).