Wadi Zarqa Elwi reserve

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  • Habitat: Quercus calliprinos woodland on limestone 

    Ecozone:Central Highlands

    Area handed over: 2,700 dunums

    IUCN criteria: IV -Managed Reserve 

    Land owner: Private

    Governorate: Salfeet Governorate

    North Palestine

    Phytogeographical Regions: Mediterranean Sea

    Annual rainfall: 500-600 mm

    Soil: Terra Rossa, Rendzina


This nature reserve is located 26km from North-west Ramallah where Deir Ghassana town, the nature reserves lands are crossed with the towns of Deir Ballut, Al-Lubban al-gharbi, Aboud and Deir Ghassana, the trail of the nature reserve is prolonged from the surrounded towns of Deir ballut, Aboud,Burqin,Kafr ad-dik and Kafer Ein and ends to historical palestine near Rantis. The total area of the nature reserve is around 13340 Donums.

The nature reserve has several water resources such as ground water and natural springs, from the known springs are Zaraqa spring, Abo-noef spring and al-Gadedh spring, the latter is deteriorated due to the soil drift, this area is enriched in terms of Geology due to the calcareous rocks and limestones which allow water leakage.

The trail tour of the nature reserve is started from the North-west town toward Al-awena valley as it is prolonged to 5km inside the town. Visitors of the valley can watch a mountain known as Al-Baten left which is a part of the central mountains in Palestine, it is separated Nablus from Jerusalem.

Visitors inside the nature reserve can find the leaves of Zatar balat or zofa (While -leaved savory), botanical name: Micromeria fruticose, it is endemic species in Palestine.The nature reserve has floristic biodiversity where several floras are found such as Oak, Palestine pistachio, Maple, Sage, Sage-leaved rockrose, ancient olives and Hawthorn. Several faunas are found such as Canis, deer, swine and Syrian rock hyrax.

In the mid-point of the reserve, visitors are going to be bordering on Saded valleys near Deir Ballut and Al-Lubban towns where Sarata kingdom is located in last third of the reserve, it is back to Jeroboam the son of nebat, one of prophet Suliman workers, as the son of nebat established his kingdom in the north of Palestine. Visitors of the reserve can see Um-al-babin caves (Two doors’ caves) and several historical sites such as Al-khawass shrine, Al-Majdoub shrine and Al-Qatrawani shrine and caves. The protected area faces several pressures from the Israeli occupations and settlements where the military aggression and activities in Beat Areah settlement which is around 900 m away of the reserve, occupational activities contribute to the deterioration of water resources, habitats and ecosystem functions of the reserve.



Azmi Salman              0599242131

Issa Elshatleh             0598865444

Ibraheem  Mashala     0598955748