Java garlic / Allium tel-avivense / ثوم يافاوي

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Status: Common

Allium aschersonianum is a geophyte plant belongs to Alliaceae family, this monocot plant is native to palestine which is indigenous to the Jordan Valley and the Negev desert. The leaves are succulent, alternate, rosette and entire. The flowers are pink and flowering during March. The fruits are capsular with obovoid black seeds.


It grows in sandy habitats. It is a desert geophyte, distributed in the western Irano-Turanian region and found in Palestine in the Jordan Valley, the Negev desert and the Dead Sea. In their natural habitats, the geophytes of the genus Allium are subjected to a wide range of climatic conditions. Seasonal changes in temperature and rainfall have activated various adaptation mechanisms, manifested in variations in underground organ structure, annual cycles and floral development. This process is related to the geographical spread of the genus from temperate zones to arid regions

Medicinal uses:

Allium schoenoprasum, contains nutrients that are important for sleep and bone health. It contains a small amount of choline. Choline is an important nutrient that helps maintain the structure of cellular membranes. Choline also helps with mood, memory, muscle control, and other brain and nervous system functions. It contains lutein and zeaxanthin, which are carotenoids. According to some research, lutein and zeaxanthin accumulate in the retina of the eye to help prevent age-related macular degeneration. This means that eating foods rich in these substances could benefit vision. Some studies about Allium vegetables and their organic compounds, such as allicin, suggest a positive relationship with certain health conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and it is used as antimicrobial

Distributions in Palestine:

Jordan Valley, the Negev desert and the Dead Sea.


 IUCN red list status: Near Threatened.
Local status: least concern.